Jasper KINGSMAN Elizabeth KINGSMAN Jasper KINGSMAN Mary WOODCOCK Aveline GRAVE Elizabeth HEARD Mini tree diagram

Peter Francis KINGSMAN

about 1670 - 17611


Life History

about 1670


23rd Nov 1692

Holy Trinity, Minories, London

23rd Nov 1692

Married Mary WOODCOCK in London City, London.3


Occupation Barrister

admitted to the Middle Temple

17th Feb 1736/7

St George, Botolph Lane

17th Feb 1736/7

Married Aveline GRAVE in London, Middlesex.4,3


Died in Greenwich, Kent.1

15th Dec 1761

Buried in Greenwich, Kent (St Alfege, Kent).2



  • National Archives: C12/758/1
    Chancery Proceedings: Kingsman vs. Kingsman, 29 Oct 1753

    Orator: Peter Kingsman of Lewisham, Gentleman

    Jasper K, late father of Peter, of Horndon being possessed of considerable wealth of £20,000 and having various lands in Essex around "the Hill" to the yearly value of £2,000.

    The said Jasper K being displeased with the Orator (Peter) for "having been drawn to marry without the consent of his said father the said Jasper K by the artful insinuation and contrivances of Josiah K the elder, then of Burnham, Essex, since deceased".

    Jasper was then prevailed on to make his will in favour of Josiah and his family.

    Original will dated 1 Jan 1700 left some small bequests " one being a bond of £100 to Richard Bacon, gentleman to act as overseer " but the major part of his estate is to go to Josiah "notwithstanding the orator being his only son and heir".

    The estate was left in order to Josiah the elder, or when he died;
    to his son Josiah the younger and then to any male issue of Josiah the younger, or when he died;
    to Josiah's son Benjamin and then to any of Benjamin's male issue, or when he died;
    to Josiah's son Jasper and then to any of Jasper's male issue.

    Joisah the elder was executor, and Richard Bacon overseer.

    If Josiah, or any of his sons Josiah, Benjamin or Jasper, should seek to circumvent the wishes of the will (one of which was to hold the estate whole - not sell it off in pieces) then everything would go instead to "the heirs male of his name in Northamptonshire or thereabouts". [NB: Jasper was aware of the Kinsman family in Northamptonshire and presumably had reason to suppose himself related to it in some way].

    This will was then given to Josiah for safekeeping.

    "And afterwards became sensible of the hardships he had put the Orator [Peter] to and relenting of the same declared several times and to diverse persons his intention of revoking the same and making a new will in your Orators favour"

    He is alleged to have asked Josiah to return the old will, but before he did and before he had made a new one "on or about the 6th September 1704 the Testator (being between 84 and 85 years old) was overtaken with sickness".

    Jasper died 15th September 1704.

    After the 1700 will was made, Jasper had directed Josiah to pay Peter £40 per quarter or £160 per year for his support and maintenance.

    Peter took his case to Court immediately after his father's death and was given a twelve month stay while they deliberated.  The final decision of that Court was that Peter could not inherit the entire estate as per his claim of reconciliation but that he was entitled:
    1.to "some very small part of the estate of the Testator due to an Intail as Grandson and heir of Benjamin Kingsman his grandfather" in law an intail can only be inherited in the direct male line
    2.to another small part having been purchased after the date of the will
    3.to a small copyhold estate previously surrendered to the Orator by the Testator
    4.to the £40 quarterly payment for life

    This order, and one requiring Peter to relinquish everything else, was made by Sir John Franklyn on 28th May 1707.

    Between 1707 and 1753 (date of this current case):

    Josiah the elder had died (no date given)

    Josiah the younger had died (no date given) a bachelor and with no issue

    Benjamin had died during the lifetime of his brother Josiah, a bachelor without issue.

    Jasper junior had then inherited all the estates, but (according to Peter) recognises Peter's claim on the estates, but does have a son (Jasper of course) who is upwards of 30 years of age at the time of the trial.


    Jasper the elder has now run up significant debts and is seeking to chop up the estate and sell it off a piece at a time contrary to the original restrictions of the will.

    Jasper the younger is not married and shows no sign of any impending issue.

    Richard Bacon, the original overseer, does not have any issue to continue with his duties under the will, but is legally represented.

    "heirs male of Northamptonshire" is contested not to be an actual person and therefore cannot really inherit.

    Peter seeks and injunction to stop Jasper senior selling pieces of the estate.

    Presumably, this is in the hope that Jasper junior dies without issue in which case Peter becomes the natural heir, even though old man Jasper put every impediment he could think of in the way of his estate going to his son.

    Decision of the Court is not included, but the estate remained in the hands of Jasper.


    National Archives: C9/277/19
    Chancery proceedings: Kingsman vs. Kingsman,1704

    This is the first case brought by Peter Kingsman concerning the will of his father Jasper.  There is no new information about the will itself that has not already been covered in C12/758/1.  This document is not in the best of conditions, but it does contain some more detail about the disapproved marriage.

    Peter (without the consent of his father) did marry Mary the daughter of Roger Woodcock (Woodcork?), Gentleman, the very intimate friend and acquaintance of Josiah Kingsman.

    Peter says that he does not know that Josiah is any kindred or consanguinity to Jasper, but of late years had become acquainted with him.


    Petre subscribed to A Philosophical Account of the Works of Nature. Endeavouring to set forth the several gradations remarkable in the mineral, vegetable, and animal parts of the creation ... To which is added, an Account of the state of gardening ... With many curious cutts, 1721, BRADLEY, Richard. London

    The following two will abstracts, and the family tree of Petre's second wife Avelin, are from the website of Rosalind Lloyd at:

    Avelin Cheveley died in 1741 in Horndon on the Hill, Essex.

    Avelin is described in her will proven 21 January 1742 as a spinster of Horndon on the Hill, late of Theydon Garnon, Essex.

    She made several bequests listed here:

    Twenty shillings for a ring to my loving brother John Cheveley Esquire.
    Eighty pounds for my nephew Jerningham Cheveley.
    To my nephews Jamineau and Jerningham Cheveley twenty shillings each.
    To my nephew John Cheveley £20 when he attains the age of 21 years.
    Twenty shillings each for rings to Sir William Chappel Knight and his Lady.
    To my niece, wife of my nephew Jerningham, twenty shillings for a ring.
    To my nephews John and William Grave the sum of £20 each.
    To my niece Avelin, the wife of Thomas Burton, £20.
    Twenty shillings for a ring to my cousin Hannah Burton widow.
    To Mrs Cooke formerly Mrs Martha Colby £20.
    To Mary Penny 20 shillings.
    To Peter Kingsman 20 shillings for a ring as well as all my goods, chattels, plate, ready money, towells and other my personal estate.
    Forty shillings for the poor of the parish of Theydon Garnon.

    (If any of the above died, the legacy was to go to her sole executor, her nephew Peter Kingsman of Horndon.)

    The will was witnessed by William Newport, Ann Newport and Mary May.  It was proven by the oath of Peter Kingsman.

    Grace Cheveley was born in 1663. She was christened on 17 May 1663 in Theydon Garnon, Essex. She died in 1731 in Theydon Garnon, Essex.

    Year of birth taken from Stephen William Cheveley's research.

    According to her will, proven 17 November 1731, Grace was a spinster. She was a well-to-do lady with stocks and annuities in the South Sea Company amounting to 62 pounds 9 shillings and 10 pence which she left to her niece Avelin Grave along with her corner cupboard and all her china.

    She named her sister Avelin as her sole executrix. William Chappell of Sergeants Inn in Fleet Street Kent stood bound to her for £200, this and the interest was to go to her sister Avelin. Her 'Banke stock' at the 'Banke of England' invested at three per cent per annum (amounting to 57 pounds and 10 shillings) and the rest of her personal estate she left to her 'loveing sister Avelin', 10 pounds of this to be paid by her said sister Avelin to her niece Avelin Grave (she is the daughter of Grace's sister Anna).

    The bond of £100 due to her from her brother John Cheveley (of Staples Inn London Gentleman) she left to the said brother John.

    The £100 bequeathed to her in his will by her brother Thomas Cheveley of Lincolns Inn Esquire she left to her brother John - the said sum of money being still 'in the hands of him the said John' providing he paid all her just debts.

    The will was signed 24 July 1730 and witnessed by Lydia Coleman, James Kirkolld and Peter Kingsman.

    (It is interesting to note that Grace's sister Avelin left 20 shillings in her will to her 'nephew' Peter Kingsman.)

    A mortgage document for lands in Great Totham called Russling Croft names her as Grace Cheveley of Chancery Lane, spinster.


  • 1. Will
  • 2. Parish register
  • 3. Parish register abstract
  • 4. Boyds marriage index

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