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Will of James Long, Gentleman of St Marylebone, Middlesex. 1715.


In the name of God Amen


I James Long of the parish of St Mary le Bone in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman, being in health of body and of good and perfect memory, praised be God, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say)

First and principally I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God my creator trusting and assuredly hoping through the merits and mediation of my blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ to inherit eternal life, my body I commit to the Earth to be decently buried in Christian burial in hopes of a joyful resurrection at the last day.

And in respect of my worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased Almighty God to bless me I ordain and dispose of the same as follows (viz)

Imprimis, I order and direct that all the just and lawful debts which I shall happen to owe at the time of my decease shall with the several annuities and sums of money which I have hereinafter bequeathed and charged to be paid out of the rents and profits of my freehold and leasehold estates hereinafter mentioned and with the charges of my funeral, probate of this my will, and other necessary charges relating to the due administration of my estate be duly paid and satisfied out of the rents, issues and profits of my freehold and leasehold estates and of the personal estate not herein otherwise bequeathed.

Item, I give and bequeath unto my two nieces Beatrice Long and Mary Long all those my five several Messuages or Tenements with their appurtenances and one Vault situate and being in St Martin Street and Longs Court in the Blow Meroes in the parish of St Martin in the Fields in the County of Middlesex and my two Messuagess or Tenements with their appurtenances situate and being in Riders Court in the said parish of St Martin in the Fields and my Messuage or Tenement with the appurtenances situate in the Fountain Court in the parish of St Clement Danes and my large Vault lying under the said Court, and all my estate and interest and terms in and to the same premises, equally to be divided between them and their respective executors administrators and assigns equally under and subject to the several rents covenants and conditions which I am obliged to, for or in respect of the same premises, chargeable nevertheless and upon condition that my said nieces Beatrice and Mary Long their respective executors administrators or assigns shall yearly and every year during so long time of the terms and estate which I have in the same premises or any part thereof as my brother Henry Long, Gentleman, shall live or until he shall be entitled to that part of my other estate herein devised to him which I have charged for payment of my debts and as hereinafter is mentioned, which shall first happen, pay or cause to be paid unto my said brother Henry Long or his assigns one annuity or yearly sum of £20, free from all taxes charges or payments whatsoever, by equal quarterly payments, the first payment thereof to begin and to be made at the end of three calendar months next after my decease.

Item, I give and bequeath unto my two nieces Beatrice and Mary Long all [such appurtenances] and [inkblot] (except the pictures hereinafter mentioned) of and belonging to my own lodging rooms and withdrawing rooms in my house at Mary Bone and also all my linnen belonging to my said house, equally to be divided between them.

Item, I give and bequeath unto Lt Gen Langston the best picture which I have of my sister Langston and my own picture if he pleases to accept them, and direct that all my pictures fixed within the panels of my said house shall be Standers therein and be taken as part of my said house.

Item, I give and bequeath unto my executors hereinafter named all that my freehold Messuage or Tenement with the appurtenances situate and being in the Haymarket in the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields aforesaid and also all other my leasehold estates whatsoever (except such part thereof as I have by indenture bearing date the one and twentieth day of April Anno Domini  1709 demised to my nephew William Long) and also except what is in the County of Kent) together also with the remainder of my personal estate; in trust nevertheless only during and until they shall by and out of the clear rents issues and profits thereof pay and satisfy all the just and lawful debts which I shall owe at the time of my decease with the charges of my funeral and other necessarys and outgoings, and also shall pay into my nephew James Long or his assigns one annuity or yearly sum of £50 by equal quarterly payments for and during and until my said debts shall be paid as aforesaid (if he shall so long live)

And also to my nephew Richard Miller for his life Management at Mary Bone as he is now employed in there, the yearly sum of £30 by equal quarterly payments for and during and until my said debts shall be paid as aforesaid (if he shall so long live)

Both the said annuities to be paid tax-free and the first payment thereof to be made at the end of three calendar months next after my decease

And also during and until the they shall pay unto my sister Sarah Langston (if she shall be then living) the sum of £50.

And unto my nephew Amos Ferne or his assigns the sum of £200

Which sums I do hereby direct shall be next in proportion raised and paid after my said debts annuities funeral charges and other contingencies be satisfied and paid.

And that when and so soon as all my said debts funeral charges and contingencies as aforesaid, and my said annuities and legacies so charged upon the my executors to pay as aforesaid shall be fully raised paid and satisfied as aforesaid then and in such case I give devise and bequeath unto my said brother Henry Long and unto my nephew James Long all that my said freehold Messuage or Tenement with the appurtenances situate in the Haymarket aforesaid to hold unto the said Henry Long and James Long equally to be divided and to the heirs male of the body of the said James Long lawfully begotten or to be begotten, chargeable nevertheless with the payment of the several annuities hereinafter mentioned.

And in default of such issue I give and devise the same, chargeable as aforesaid, unto my nephew William Long and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten or to be begotten

And in default of such issue I give and devise the same chargeable as aforesaid unto my nephew Robert Long and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten or to be begotten.

And in default of such issue I give and devise the same chargeable as aforesaid unto the right heirs of me the said James Long for ever

And also that when and so soon as all my said debts funeral charges and contingencies as aforesaid and my said annuities and legacies so charged upon my executors to pay as aforesaid shall be fully raised paid and satisfied as aforesaid then and in such case I give and bequeath unto my said nephew Amos Ferne and my nephew Thomas Kingsman, vintner, all and singular my leasehold estates whatsoever not bequeathed as aforesaid (except what is held by my said nephew William Long pursuant to the lease aforesaid) and also except what is in the County of Kent) and all my estate and interest and terms in and for the same, in trust nevertheless to and for the uses intents and purposes hereinafter mentioned (that is to say):

In trust that the same Amos Ferne and Thomas Kingsman and the survivor of them and the executors and administrators of such survivor shall permit and suffer my said brother Henry Long and my said nephew James Long to have hold and enjoy the same and to receive and take the rents issues and profits thereof equally to be divided between them during so long time of the terms and estates which I have therein as they shall respectively live they paying the ground rents thereof and performing the covenants and conditions which I am obliged to in respect of the premises and also duly paying the several annuities hereinafter mentioned.

And from and after their deceases or the decease of the said Henry Long in respect of his moiety therein [or] after the decease of the said James Long in respect of his moiety therein that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of the said James Long for his life and afterwards for the heirs male of the body of the said James Long lawfully begotten or to be begotten, chargeable nevertheless and subject to the payment and performance of the ground rents and covenants charged therewith and of the several annuities hereinafter mentioned.

And from and after their deceases and in default of such issue as aforesaid that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of my said nephew William Long for and during so long time as the several terms and estate therein as he shall happen to live chargeable with the said ground rents covenants and annuities and from and after his decease that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of the heirs male of the body of the said William Long lawfully begotten or to be begotten subject to and chargeable with the same the ground rents covenants and annuities.

And in default of such issue that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of the heirs male of the body of the said William Long lawfully begotten or to be begotten subject to and chargeable with the said ground rents covenants and annuities.

And in default of such issue that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of my said nephew Robert Long during so long time of my terms and estate therein as he shall happen to live subject to and chargeable with the said ground rents covenants and annuities and from and after his decease that the same premises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of the heirs male of my said nephew Robert Long lawfully begotten or to be begotten subject to and chargeable with the said ground rents covenants and annuities.

And in default of such issue that the same promises shall be in trust for and to and for the only use and benefit of my right heirs during the residue of my several terms and estates therein subject to and chargeable with the said ground rents covenants and annuities.

Item, I give devise and bequeath unto the several persons hereinafter named the several annuities or yearly sums hereinafter mentioned to be issuing and payable out of my freehold and leasehold estates hereinbefore mentioned or intended to be devised and given as aforesaid (except before excepted) viz)

To my said nephew Richard Miller the sum of £40 per annum

To my niece Anne Ferne the sum of £30 per annum

And to the proper hands of my niece Honour Jackson wife of ( ) Jackson, clerk, or to such person or persons as she shall by any writing from time to time under her hand direct and appoint, to and for her separate use maintenance or disposition without being subject to the control debts or encumbrances of her present or any after husband, the sum of £20 per annum.

All which said several annuities I do hereby order and direct shall be paid tax-free quarterly by even and equal portions for and during the several terms of their respective natural lives. The first payment thereof to begin and be made at the end of three months next and immediately after my said debts funeral charges annuities and legacies hereinbefore mentioned and other contingencies as aforesaid charged as aforesaid shall be fully raised paid and satisfied as aforesaid.

And my mind and will is and I do hereby order and direct that if it should happen any of the several annuities or sums of money hereinbefore given and charged upon my estate to be paid as aforesaid or any part of them or any of them to be behind or unpaid in part or in all by the space of one and thirty days next over or after any of the days or times whereon the same is to be paid as aforesaid, that then and from thenceforth it shall and may be lawful to and for the several persons to whom the same are respectively bequeathed as aforesaid, or any of them or their or any of their respective assigns to enter and come into or any of my said freehold or leasehold estates charged as aforesaid to destrain for the same and all arrears thereof (if any) and the distress and distresses then and there from time to time found to take, load, drive away, sell and dispose of for the satisfying and paying of the said respective annuities and sums of money or any of them and all arrears thereof (if any) and reasonable charges, returning the overplus to the owners.

Item, I give devise and bequeath unto my said nephew Robert Long all and singular my freehold estate whatsoever situate and being in the parish of Speldhurst in the County of Kent, to hold unto my said nephew Robert Long and to his heirs for ever.

Item, I give and bequeath unto my said nephew Robert Long all and singular my leasehold estate whatsoever situate and being in the said parish of Speldhurst and all my estate and interest and terms in and to the same under and subject to the rents and covenants which I am at obliged to for or in respect thereof, and I also give unto my said nephew Robert Long all my household goods and other personal estate remaining and being in and upon the said freehold and leasehold estates at Speldhurst aforesaid.

And of this my last Will and Testament I do hereby make nominate and appoint my said nephews James Long, William Long and Amos Ferne joint executors.

And I do hereby direct that my said nephew William Long shall have the sole power of receiving and paying all moneys in respect of the said Executorship during and until all my debts and annuities first named with the moneys bequeathed shall be fully satisfied and paid (if he shall so long live), and for his care and trouble therein I give unto him the said William Long the yearly sum of £20 to be taken and received during the said time out of the said trust estate quarterly by even and equal portions, anything before contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

And I do hereby annihilate renounce and make void all former Wills by me made and declare this present Testament to be my true and last Will.

In witness whereof to this my last Will and Testament contained in five sheets of paper have to each of the said sheets set my hand and seal the 11th day of July Anno Domini 1712 and in the 11th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lady Queen Anne.

James Long

Signed sealed published and declared by the testator James Long as and for his last will and Testament in the presence of us who have attested the same as witnesses thereto in his presence.

George Spencer

Robert Hodson

John Hodson


Probate in London by William Long the executor 26th of April Anno Domini 1715.









Last updated 1 July 2012